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Health & Wellness > Health & Wellness 4 > HW 25

Healthy Aging


Healthy Aging: Fact Sheet

For most older adults, good health ensures independence, security, and productivity as they age. Yet millions struggle every day with health challenges such as chronic disease, falls, and mental health issues—all of which can severely impact quality of life.

 

Chronic Disease

  • Approximately 91% of older adults have at least one chronic disease, and 73% have at least two. Four chronic diseases—heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes—cause almost two-thirds of all deaths each year.

  • Chronic diseases account for 75% of the money our nation spends on health care, yet only 1% of health dollars are spent on public efforts to improve overall health. By 2011, the cost of chronic disease is estimated to be $2.8 trillion—an average of $9,216 per person. (National Governors Association)

  • Diabetes affects 12.2 million Americans aged 60+, or 23% of the older population. An additional 57 million Americans aged 20+ have pre-diabetes, which increases a person’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. In a 2007 CDC Prevention Program for people at high risk for developing diabetes, lifestyle intervention reduced risk by 71% among those aged 60+.

  • 90% of Americans aged 55+ are at risk for hypertension, or high blood pressure. Women are more likely than men to develop this chronic condition, with half of women aged 60+ and 77% of women aged 75+ having this condition. Hypertension affects 64% of men aged 75+.

Falls

  • Every 15 seconds, an older adult is treated in the emergency room for a fall; every 29 minutes, an older adult dies following a fall.

  • Among older adults, falls are the leading cause of fractures, hospital admissions for trauma, and injury deaths. Falls are the most common cause of older adult traumatic brain injuries, accounting for over 46% of fatal falls.

  • In 2000, the total direct cost of all fall injuries for people aged 65+ exceeded $19 billion, or $28.2 billion in 2010 dollars. This financial toll is expected to increase as the population ages and may reach $54.9 billion by 2020 (adjusted to 2007 dollars).

Mental Health & Substance Abuse

  • One in four older adults experiences some mental disorder including depression, anxiety disorders, and dementia. This number is expected to double to 15 million by 2030.

  • Depression affects 7 million older Americans, and many do not receive treatment.

  • The number of older adults with substance abuse problems is expected to double to 5 million by 2020.

  • Two-thirds of older adults with mental health problems do not receive the treatment they need. Current preventative services for this population are extremely limited.

  • Untreated substance abuse and mental health problems among older adults are associated with poor health outcomes, higher health care utilization, increased complexity of the course and prognosis of many illnesses, increased disability and impairment, compromised quality of life, increased caregiver stress, increased mortality, and higher risk of suicide.

  • People aged 85+ have the highest suicide rate of any age group. Older white men have a suicide rate almost six times that of the general population.

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SOURCE: National Council on Aging